You are going to receive chemotherapy. What should you do?

Role of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in current cancer treatment.

In the last two decades the prognosis of the different forms of cancer has improved enormously, making survival rates very high. Cancer is today, in most cases, a disease that can be cured.

In addition to improved diagnostic techniques that allow early detection and modern surgical procedures, radio and chemotherapy play a decisive role in these improvements. As a result, they have become routine procedures for the treatment of oral cancer.

The rationale for its use is to stop the selective growth of tumor cells that have a higher rate of development than other cells in the body.

Effects on the oral cavity.

The cells of the lining or mucosa of the oral cavity and intestine are among those with the highest and intestine are among the most capable of renewal, similar to cancer cells, and are therefore particularly affected by chemo- and radiotherapy treatments. They are characterized by
redness, irritation and stinging sensation in the mouth and
of the mouth and even
pain when swallowing

Chemotherapy produces an immunosuppression that reduces our ability to cope with infectious agents in the oral cavity, often resulting in the appearance of
opportunistic fungal and bacterial infections
. It is also common for periodontal disease to be aggravated
periodontal disease
pre-existing periodontal disease.

salivary glands
are also frequently affected, producing a reduction in the amount of saliva. You have
dry mouth sensation

More frequently in cases of radiotherapy, the following may occur
nervous alterations
of the face with
sensations of pain, tingling and alteration of the sense of taste.

Infectious alterations of the
infectious alterations of the bones of the jaws, known as osteoradionecrosis
known as osteoradionecrosis, which can be serious.

What should I do if I am going to receive radiation or chemotherapy?

See your dentist before starting treatment. The existence of caries, gingivitis or periodontitis and any bone lesions susceptible to aggravation during cancer treatment should be diagnosed.

More Articles

5 benefits of orthodontics in adults

5 benefits of orthodontics in adults

Orthodontics has long ceased to be seen as a treatment exclusively for children and adolescents. This has been thanks to the latest advances in orthodontics, invisible orthodontics and the many benefits of adult orthodontics. We talk about all these benefits below. If you are thinking of starting this treatment and you have doubts about which […]

The main differences between a tooth-supported prosthesis and a dental implant

The main differences between a tooth-supported prosthesis and a dental implant

Among the different types of dental prostheses that exist, today we focus on the prosthesis on teeth, and its differences with the dental implant. We tell you how a fixed dental prosthesis on teeth differs from a prosthesis with dental implant, the best types of dental treatments to replace lost teeth and regain lost functionality […]

How long do dentures last?

How long do dentures last?

In order to be able to answer the question of how long dental prostheses last, the first thing to do is to assess the type of dental prosthesis we are talking about, the materials used to make them, their care and also the patient’s oral health. The following is a general estimate of the average […]